Microsoft recently announced the following results for the quarter ended March 31, 2017:
- Revenue was $22.1 billion GAAP, and $23.6 billion non-GAAP
- Operating income was $5.6 billion GAAP, and $7.1 billion non-GAAP
- Net income was $4.8 billion GAAP, and $5.7 billion non-GAAP
- Diluted earnings per share was $0.61 GAAP, and $0.73 non-GAAP
Revenue in Productivity and Business Processes was $8.0 billion and increased 22% (up 23% in constant currency), with the following business highlights:
- Office commercial products and cloud services revenue increased 7% (up 8% in constant currency) driven by Office 365 commercial revenue growth of 45% (up 45% in constant currency)
- Office consumer products and cloud services revenue increased 15% (up 14% in constant currency) and Office 365 consumer subscribers increased to 26.2 million
- Dynamics products and cloud services revenue increased 10% (up 11% in constant currency) driven by Dynamics 365 revenue growth of 81% (up 82% in constant currency)
- LinkedIn contributed revenue of $975 million
With the launch of Windows 10 in July 2015, Windows 10 customers receive future versions and updates at no additional charge. Under current revenue recognition accounting guidance, when standalone software is sold with future upgrade rights, revenue must be deferred over the life of the computing device on which it is installed. This is different from prior versions of Windows, which were sold without upgrade rights, where all revenue from original equipment manufacturer (“OEM”) customers was recognised at the time of billing, i.e., upfront.
When Microsoft adopts the new revenue standard, predominantly all Windows OEM revenue will be recognised at the time of billing, which is similar to the revenue recognition for prior versions of Windows. Additional information regarding the new revenue standard is provided in the “Recent Accounting Guidance Not Yet Adopted” section of Microsoft’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 (Notes to Financial Statements). Microsoft reflects the recognition of Windows 10 revenue at the time of billing in “As Adjusted (non-GAAP)” revenue to provide comparability during the short period where Windows 10 will be recognised over the estimated life of a device, i.e., ratably, rather than at the time of billing.